Chinese Crested dogs were around hundreds of years ago.
Explorers, as early as the 1500s, found these dogs in ports throughout Central and South America as well as African and Asian cities.
The Chinese Crested is one of oldest dog breeds in the world. It is thought that the hairless breeds started in Africa and were gradually scattered all over the world as tribes crossed the masses of lands. It is also thought Mexican and Chinese sailors brought them over in clipper ships from the mainland and traded the little dogs for other useful things. There is an opinion that this dogs were used as rat killers on ships. These dogs were traded among merchants and sailors thereby making their way to ancient port cities around the world.
It is not known when hairless dogs arrived in China, but for some hundred years they were bred by people of the Han Dynasty. They used this dogs as heaters for Han/Imperator and only Han's Dynasty could have this dogs. With time this breed spread over Different Countries. The Chinese, who seemed to favor dogs of smaller size, selectively bred the African hairless to a smaller size and continued an active trade.
In the Mexican Museum There is evidence of figures of tiny hairless dogs being found in Ancient Mexican tombs, before the Aztecs arrived. The dog represented 'LOVE', it was one of the ten symbols of 'GOOD BELONGING' to the kingdom of Quetzalcoatl this was during the toltec period of 900AD - 1200AD. The Aztecs later took over the Toltecs and the spiritual image of the dog was destroyed. It was then bred for food.
The first Chinese Crested was exhibited at Crystal Palace in 1896 by Mr WK Taunton (a collector of rare breeds of dogs). However they were not properly introduced to the UK until 1965 when Mrs Ruth Harris imported a dog from Mrs Deborah Wood of the Crest Haven kennels in Florida. The early imports failed to produce puppies that survived and it was when Mrs Harris imported some dogs from the famous Gypsy Rose Lee (who accompanied her dogs to England) and bred them to her Crest Haven dogs that the breed started to establish itself here. The breed started off on the Kennel Club Import Register and by 1982 was granted CC status. However the Powder Puffs were not allowed to be shown until 1986.
It's unclear when the breed officially arrived in North America, but the first breed club here was founded in 1974. In China, the breed has become rare.
The Crested acquired an active and enthusiastic following in the United States in the early 1900’s. Breeders kept an extensive stud book and registry beginning in the 1930’s. Gypsy Rose Lee, the famous stage personality, acquired a Crested in the 1950’s and became an ardent breeder helping considerably to publicizing the breed. The Chinese Crested was first registered with The American Kennel Club in 1991
The Chinese Crested is an exotic-looking small dog who does not actually hail from China. He's found in two variants: the Hairless, with silky hair on the head (the crest), tail (plume), and feet (socks); and the genetically recessive Powderpuff, who has a full coat. Both variants can be found in a single litter.
A small active toydog, with two distinct types : Deer type - fine and racy; Cobby type - heavier in body and bone.
The Hairless has smooth skin with no large patches of hair on the body, except on the feet, head and tail. The Powder Puff has a coat that consists of an undercoat with a soft veil of long hair, the veil coat is a feature. Both hairless and powder puff should have hare - feet, dark almost to appear black almond shaped eyes and large erect ears (drop ears are permissible in powder puffs).
Chinese Cresteds are a happy dog (never vicious) very affectionate and very loyal to their owners. As with all breeds good handling and training is vital, crested's are a highly intelligent breed who certainly know how to get their own way. Chinese Crested's have the same body temperature as any other dog, the hairless just feel warmer to the touch.
The average height for a Chinese Crested is between 11 to 13 inches for both sexes. They generally weigh up to 12 pounds.
1).Crested's are over all a healthy breed.
2).Over the past few years some eye problems have come to light in the form of PRA and PLL. There are many breeders now testing their dogs prior to breeding for both of these
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This is a family of eye diseases that involves the gradual deterioration of the retina. Early in the disease, affected dogs become night-blind; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision, as long as their surroundings remain the same.
3)Skin care is important in this breed as they can suffer with acne. Like humans the hairless' skin darkens up in the summer and fades in the winter. Always use a good sunblock on your Crested during the summer months as they can burn. The Hairless Chinese Crested is bald except for soft, flowing hair on the head, feet, and tail. Hair on the body should be shaved to protect the skin. Don't use sun block or moisturizers; let the skin remain natural. The Hairless should be bathed frequently with a high-quality shampoo. Because he can be prone to minor skin problems, such as acne, check for any blackheads while grooming. Powderpuff Cresteds are a lot of work to groom. They have a silky double coat, and the undercoat is copious and will mat if the dog isn't groomed regularly. Shaving the face is an option. The Powderpuff needs to be brushed weekly, except when the puppy hair is changing into adult hair, during which brushing is best done on a daily basis. A pin or bristle brush is best. All mats should be worked out and any "felting" between the pads on the feet should be removed.Powderpuffs should be bathed regularly but not as frequently as the Hairless, and they need a high-quality shampoo to avoid stripping necessary oils from the hair and skin. The dog should be towelled off and blow-dried (on a very low temperature) to prevent him from getting chilled or his coat from getting over dried.
4) Dental Issues: These tend to crop up due to a genetic link that exists between dominant hairlessness and missing teeth. The Hairless Crested has small, peglike teeth that can slope toward the front of the mouth and cause problems; the Powderpuff has normal toy breed dentition. The Hairless often lose many teeth by the tender age of two or three. Some Hairless require canned food, while others eat kibble with no problem, as does the Powderpuff.
Children and other pets
Sweet, gentle children are adored by Chinese Crested. Children need to be old enough to understand that they must be careful with these small dogs.
As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left unsupervised with a child.
Cresteds love other pets and are playful with them.